If NOT, try one of these:


Newborn Rashes - Topics Covered

If your baby is healthy, skip the "What to Do" section. Go directly to the topic number that relates to your question for advice.

  1. Acne. Small red bumps on the face (onset 2-4 weeks).
  2. Drooling or Spit-Up Rash. Rash around the mouth and on the chin (onset anytime).
  3. Erythema Toxicum. Red blotches with small white "pimple" in the center (onset 2-3 days).
  4. Skin Injury from Birth Process. From forceps, scalp electrode or birth canal (present at birth).
  5. Milia. Tiny white bumps on the nose and cheeks (present at birth).
  6. Mongolian Spots. Bluish-green birthmark, often on buttock (present at birth).
  7. Stork Bites (Pink Birthmarks). On back of neck or bridge of nose (present at birth).
  8. Strawberry Hemangiomas. Raised red birthmarks (onset 2-4 weeks).
  9. Port-wine Stains. Dark red or purple flat birthmarks (present at birth).

Newborn Face Rashes: Most Common Ones

Heat Rash

Herpes Simplex: Serious Newborn Rash

When to Call for Newborn Rashes and Birthmarks

Call 911 Now

  • Not moving or very weak
  • You think your child has a life-threatening emergency

Call Doctor Now or Go to ER

  • Age under 1 month old and looks or acts abnormal in any way
  • Age under 12 weeks old with fever. (Caution: Do NOT give your baby any fever medicine before being seen)
  • Purple or blood-colored spots or dots not present at birth
  • Tiny blisters (little bumps that contain clear fluid)
  • Pimples (little bumps that contain pus). (Exception: looks like erythema toxicum which occurs in half of newborns)
  • Skin looks infected (such as spreading redness, sores or pus)
  • Rash is painful to the touch
  • You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent

Call Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent

Call Doctor During Office Hours

  • Mild newborn rash, but cause is not clear
  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

  • Normal newborn rashes or birthmarks

Call 911 Now

Call Doctor Now or Go to ER

Call Doctor Within 24 Hours

Call Doctor During Office Hours

Self Care at Home


Care Advice for Newborn Rashes and Birthmarks

  1. Acne:
  2. Drooling or Spit-up Rash:
  3. Erythema Toxicum:
  4. Skin Injury from Forceps, Scalp Electrode or Birth Canal:
  5. Milia:
  6. Mongolian Spots:
  7. Stork Bites (Pink Birthmarks):
  8. Strawberry Hemangiomas:
  9. Port-Wine Stain Birthmarks:
  10. Call Your Doctor If:

And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the 'Call Your Doctor' symptoms.

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. It is provided for educational purposes only. You assume full responsibility for how you choose to use this information.


Copyright 1994-2017 Schmitt Pediatric Guidelines LLC. All rights reserved.

Mongolian Spot - Buttocks
Strawberry Hemangioma - Abdomen

This photo shows a Strawberry Hemangioma on the abdominal wall.

Stork Bite of Neck and Posterior Scalp

This is a 2 month old infant with a "stork bite" (capillary hemangioma) of the neck and posterior scalp.

Some brief notes about capillary hemangiomas:

  • Flat pink birthmark
  • Present in 50% of newborns
  • Also called salmon patches or stork bites
  • Most fade by 3 years, but 25% persist into adulthood
Strawberry Hemangioma - Forehead

This is a three year old child with a strawberry hemangioma of the lower forehead.

Some brief notes about strawberry hemangioma:

  • Raised red birthmark
  • Often increases in size for first 1-2 years of life
  • Then start to shrink down without any treatment
  • Turns grayish when it shrinks down, as in this 3 year old child
  • Usually flat and gone by 8 years old or sooner

Erythema Toxicum

Over 50 percent of babies get this rash around the second or third day of life.

The rash is composed of ½ inch to 1 inch red blotches with a small white or yellow lump in the center. The red blotches can be numerous and can occur anywhere on the body (except the palms and soles). They can look qute terrible.

The cause of erythema toxicum is unknown. However, it is harmless the rash goes away by 2 weeks of age.